How to spot and
prevent yeast infections
| By Allison Tsai
Yeast infections rate anywhere from annoying to unbearable, yet many people avoid
broaching the topic with their doctor.
But don’t let embarrassment stop you
from raising the issue with your health
care provider, particularly if you’re
getting these infections frequently.
Yeast infections occur when the fungus
Candida albicans grows out of control,
says Deena Adimoolam, MD, assistant
professor of diabetes, endocrinology,
and bone disease at the Icahn School of
Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York.
The overgrowth of yeast can occur
anywhere on the body, though for
women, these infections typically
affect the vagina. It’s less common, but
men can develop yeast infections, too.
“You can even have yeast infections
that affect certain areas of the skin,
especially in skin folds, where it’s very
moist and warm,” she says.
The symptoms of a vaginal yeast
infection include itching, burning,
pain, and a cottage cheese–like
discharge. Signs of a skin yeast
infection are a bit different. “It can
appear as a slight discoloration of the
skin or a red or pink scaly rash,” says
Adimoolam, who notes that such
infections may be itchy.
Women with poorly
inhibitors are also at increased risk. Men with elevated
controlled diabetes are at
high risk for yeast infections
because candida thrives on
levels, says Pauline Camacho, MD,
FACE, professor of medicine at Loyola
University Medical Center in Chicago. Women on SGLT- 2
glucose have a greater risk than people without diabetes
for developing yeast infections.
While it’s clear that high blood glucose allows yeast to
thrive, researchers are still looking at why this is the
case. The answer may lie with the immune system
(uncontrolled diabetes hinders the body’s ability to ;ght
infection) or the medications you take.
One theory for why yeast infections come back is that
candida produces a protein that allows it to adhere
better than other fungi and bacteria to the vaginal lining
and evade the immune system, says Adimoolam. The
result? Recurrent infections
when blood glucose